What is play?
This unit explores the types of play a dog engages in from solitary play to social play. The importance of giving dogs the opportunity to play is looked into, as long as the play is healthy and constructive for their wellbeing.
The in’s and out’s of play
Learn how to recognise when social play is healthy, and how to recognise and respond to activity that is at risk of tipping across to not-play. Play with humans is also covered in terms of ideas of healthy play with our dogs.
Canine Play Course
Relevant for owners, professionals and student professionals this course focuses entirely on the big topic of canine play.
Play is a canine activity that is often misunderstood due to a lack of understanding of the importance of play, how it looks, how it might sound, what is healthy play and what is not.
This course will cover all types of play; looking at what they are, why they are important, how play begins in a puppy, signs that shows play is healthy, as well as signs that show play is not. It will also look at play with humans and how through our play with our dogs we can boost our relationships with our dogs
At its core, play is a pleasurable activity that features highly throughout a healthy dog’s life. It is hypothesised to have a promotional effect on physicality and social skills. When dogs play together, what is observable is a series of activities and repetitive behaviours which when performed in a different context may have a highly different meaning. Play is about fun, but sometimes the behaviours observable overlap with other behavioural mechanisms such as predation or aggression. This is why it can be difficult for us to know what is play and what is not.
Behaviour in play is different from reality. Whilst play may involve predatory chase there are stark differences between that and the real thing. Behaviour in play is generally incomplete, exaggerated, uneconomical and unpredictable. Each game is unique and cannot generally be predicted. Importantly, play is only fun if both dogs are enjoying what is happening within an interaction. To assess play, all dogs involved must be watched, not just one party.
Dogs are unusual in that they play with conspecifics, humans, and asocially with objects. This enhanced playfulness may be a side effect of paedomorphosis, the continuation of juvenile traits into adulthood, as a result of domestication.
There are at least three separate play systems that emerge in juvenile dogs at different times:
– Object play
– Play predation (pretences)
– Social play
More social play is associated with an enlarged amygdala and hypothalamus within the brain, but not more object or locomotor play. This highlights the different motivations of the different kinds of play. Solitary play with objects appears to be derived from predatory behaviour – toys that can be dismembered are generally preferred.
When observing play and interactions between dogs we must hold ourselves back from immediately passing judgement.
When we describe dogs in a particular way e.g. “fun police”, “the boss”, “bull in a china shop”, we are placing our judgements onto them in an unhelpful manner. Our judgements and feelings are often due to our past conditioning and life experiences. When we make a judgement about a dog, due to our resistance to cognitive dissonance, we often then succumb to finding further evidence that backs up our judgement. We lose objectivity. We start to see a dogs behaviour as “good”, “bad”, “right” or “wrong”.
In terms of safety we need to know when to step in on a dog-dog interaction; however, making judgements means we may step in too soon, or too late.