Habitats and niches
Explore the ecological principles that define habitat and a ‘niche’. Understand the differences between some of the terrestrial and aquatic habitats.
a) 2.1 Defining a ‘habitat’, Physical make-up of a habitat, ‘the environment’; physical environment, geology and soil, topography, light and temperature, climate and weather.
b) The principles of a ‘Niche’: What is a niche? Determining niches, competitive exclusion, co-existence, fundamental and realised niches & resource partitioning
c) Terrestrial and aquatic habitats: Forests, grasslands, deserts and rainforests and their defining factors; plant structure, leaf types, plant spacing and climate. Bogs, ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, reefs, rock pools & oceans.